International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research (ISSN: 2688-9501)

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Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Pain, Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Cancer - a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Punitha Josephine S1*, Lizy Sonia Benjamin2, Sumathi Robert Shanmugam3, Vidhya Thirunavukkarasu4, Sumathy P5

1Principal, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Puducherry, India

2Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, College of Nursing, King Khalid University, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

3Department of Maternal and Child Health, College of Nursing, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

4College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa, KSA

5Department of Child Health Nursing, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Puducherry, India

*Corresponding author: Punitha Josephine S, Principal, Kasturba Gandhi Nursing College, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University, Pincode: 607403, Puducherry, India

Received Date: 29 December, 2022

Accepted Date: 09 January, 2023

Published Date: 13 January, 2023

Citation:  Josephine SP, Benjamin LS, Shanmugam SR, Thirunavukkarasu V, Sumathy P (2023) Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Pain, Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life among Patients with Cancer - a Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Int J Nurs Health Care Res 6: 1386. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29011/2688-9501.101386

Abstract

Background: The study of music therapy's effectiveness on anxiety, pain, quality of life, fatigue and depression as well as its incorporation into clinical practice, promotes evidence-based nursing. Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety, depression, quality of life and fatigue in cancer patients. Methods: The researchers used the PRISMA statement to review 20 studies published between 2011 to 2020. Patients undergoing Music Therapy (MT), during/after surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or palliative care were included in research studies if they assessed at least one outcome of pain, depression, anxiety, quality of life and fatigue.Results: Music therapy has a favourable effect on the outcome measures of pain, anxiety, depression, quality of life and fatigue among patients with cancer. Conclusion: Music therapy is effective in improving the outcome measures in cancer patients, but further studies will help to determine the effects of music intervention in supportive cancer care.

Keywords: Music therapy; Anxiety; Pain; Depression; Fatigue; Quality of life; Cancer

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