Background: The study of music therapy's effectiveness on anxiety, pain, quality of life, fatigue and depression as well as its incorporation into clinical practice, promotes evidence-based nursing. Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety, depression, quality of life and fatigue in cancer patients. Methods: The researchers used the PRISMA statement to review 20 studies published between 2011 to 2020. Patients undergoing Music Therapy (MT), during/after surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or palliative care were included in research studies if they assessed at least one outcome of pain, depression, anxiety, quality of life and fatigue.Results: Music therapy has a favourable effect on the outcome measures of pain, anxiety, depression, quality of life and fatigue among patients with cancer. Conclusion: Music therapy is effective in improving the outcome measures in cancer patients, but further studies will help to determine the effects of music intervention in supportive cancer care.
Keywords: Music therapy; Anxiety; Pain; Depression; Fatigue; Quality of life; Cancer