Dentistry: Advanced Research (ISSN: 2574-7347)

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The Organization of the Dental Service in the Voronezh Region

Yu E Antonenkov*

Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Voronezh, Russia

*Corresponding author: Yu E Antonenkov, Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 394036, Voronezh, Russia

Received Date: 27 February, 2021; Accepted Date: 05 March, 2021; Published Date: 09 March, 2021

Citation: Antonenkov YE (2021) The Organization of the Dental Service in the Voronezh Region. Dent Adv Res 6: 175. DOI: 10.29011/2574-7347.100075

Abstract

In the article, on the territory of a large subject of the Russian Federation, the features of the organization of dental care for adults and children are considered. During the meetings in the autonomous health care institution, in accordance with the action plan of the Department of Health of the Voronezh Region, the issues of primary prevention of dental diseases among the population of the Voronezh Region within the framework of the state program of the Russian Federation “Development of Health Care” are highlighted. When considering the current state of scientific medicine and the practical direction of preserving the health of the population, the relevance of dental research remains unchanged. The analysis of literature sources and reporting materials showed the importance of dynamic observation of medical and social indicators, conditions and lifestyle, the level and structure of dental morbidity, and the demographic situation. The author of the work is well aware of the importance of the background of dental measures aimed at prevention (first of all) and treatment (if necessary). Speaking about the indicators of morbidity in dentistry, the author emphasizes the need to study it to assess the public health of the entire population. The data of the social and hygienic monitoring of the Voronezh Region for 2017-2019 were used.

Keywords

Dental service; Curatorship; Perspective directions of development

In recent decades, the broadest powers to provide medical care to the population have been transferred to the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, including the dental service. The broad capabilities of specialized medical organizations operating in legally permitted forms of ownership are provided by a significant number of personnel, high external and internal resources, and constant updating of prescriptive directives on professional activities in relation to all personnel with explanations on the implementation of effective and high-quality provision of medical care.

The dental service in the health care system of the Voronezh Region is currently characterized by the availability and quality of care to the population, the introduction of modern dental technologies into practice, and constantly improving the professional level of specialists [1].

Materials and Methods

In order to analyze and evaluate the results of preventive and curative work to reduce the incidence of diseases among the population in the dental profile, it is extremely important to consider the shortcomings available in the official accounting documents. Therefore, every year the results of the work are summed up through the preparation of an analytical review of the activities of the dental service of the Voronezh Region.

It is such a study that creates the possibility of forming a strategy for organizing work on the part of a dentist working in outpatient clinics (APU) and managing the health care vertical at the regional level. At the beginning of 2020 in the Voronezh region, the number of initially applying for dental care fell by 3.9%, while initially seeking children at 6.5%. There is no doubt about the information that crisis situations in various spheres of society aggravate social and hygienic factors that affect the dental morbidity in the direction of deterioration. This constantly directs the theoretical and practical parts of the work carried out to re-evaluate the forces of these factors, as well as to find ways to optimize the ongoing preventive work.

We have studied and used the data of the reports, conducted a comparative analysis concerning the personnel potential of the dental service of the Voronezh region in 2017-2019. (report forms No. 17, 30, 47), the availability of resources, as well as the opinion that the health of the population is directly related to medical and demographic indicators against the background of the results of preventive work included in the main indicators of the dental service. This work, carried out in the Voronezh Region, is fully comparable with the existing world experience in planning preventive programs to reduce the dental morbidity of the population, for the strategic unity of science and practice.

Results of the Study

At the beginning of 2020, the dental service of the Voronezh Region, as a subject of the Russian Federation, has 13 dental clinics, including one for children, 19 dental departments, 10 dental offices at district hospitals (RB), 293-at other medical organizations of the Voronezh region, including dispensaries, sanatoriums, general education institutions, enterprises.

The structural composition of dental specialists has remained virtually unchanged over the past years. In 2019, 1156 doctors of the dental profile (in state medical organizations) and 607 doctors of the non-state dental profile provided outpatient dental care in the region. The share of dentists in the structure of the region’s dental specialists working in the public sector was 8.8% in the reporting year (9.1% in 2018).

In recent years, the stability of the personnel potential of public sector dental doctors has been noted. In state medical organizations in the region as a whole, in 2019, 1308.5 full - time positions of dental doctors were allocated (in 2018 - 1319), employed - 1151 (in 2018 - 1164.25), individuals - 1156 (in 2018- 1156). The percentage of staffing for occupied positions was 88% (in 2018 - 88.3%), for individuals-88.3% (in 2018 - 87). The percentage of dental doctors in 2019 by position (public sector) is shown in Figure 1.

Of course, the focus is on the work of the therapeutic APUs of the region, both in the adult and in the child population, the figures show the indicators of the availability of dentists-therapists for 2017 - 2019 (Figures 2,3, respectively). The priority remains to work with the younger generation on the basis of the principle “prevention is better than treatment” [2]. But with the staff at pediatric dentistry of the medical organizations of the districts in a difficult situation: a low security child population by dentists for children (1.7 while the recommended ratio of 5.0) due to insufficient staffing and lack of them in a few areas (in 2019 is not entered into the appointment with a dentist in BUZ VO “Nizhnedevitskiy RB”).

Children’s dentists actively participated in the medical examination of the children’s population of the region [3]. The school preventive program is carried out in all general education institutions of Voronezh and the districts of the region. The activities of the dental service of the Voronezh Region are carried out in accordance with the Procedures for Providing Medical Care to Adults and Children with dental diseases, as well as in accordance with the Clinical Recommendations (treatment protocols) of major dental diseases.

The proportion of sanitized patients from primary referrals in the region in 2019 was 59.85% (in 2018 - 60.1%), in the regions of the region decreased from 60.5% in 2018 to 57.62% in 2019, in Voronezh increased from 63.1% in 2018 to 63.4% in 2019. The indicator of those examined for preventive purposes from the number of primary applicants in the region decreased from 50.1% in 2018 to 47.36% in 2019, in Voronezh also decreased from 46.2% in 2018 to 45.16% in 2019, in the regions of the region there was also a decrease - from 52.4% in 2018 to 50.04% in 2019. In all schools, gymnasiums and lyceums of Voronezh, hygiene lessons are held in primary school classes on the rules of oral care, and health schools are open. Despite this, the number of people with a healthy oral cavity per 1000 children under the age of 14 years, 11 months and 29 days in the whole region decreased and amounted to 548.73 (in 2018 - 575.42), in the districts of the region the indicator increased slightly - from 477.04 in 2018 to 477.66 in 2019, and in Voronezh it decreased - from 695.28 in 2018 to 627.13 in 2019 [4].

Discussion

The implementation of the financial plan for 1 dentistorthopedist for 2019 was 98.5% in the region (in 2018 - 99.4%), including 98.5% in the regions of the region (in 2018 - 104%), 100.8% in Voronezh (in 2018 - 97.6%). Kantemirovskaya RB (92%), Repyevskaya RB (93.7%), Rossoshanskaya RB (91.2%), Ternovskaya RB (95.97%), Ertilskaya RB (86%), VOKB No. 2 (34.3%), VSP No. 2 (86.7%), VSMU Dental Polyclinic did not meet this indicator. N. N. Burdenko (92.6%), BUZ VO “VSP No. 5” (99.1%). ganizations of the dental profile of the Voronezh region actively participate in the actions held within the framework of the regional interdepartmental project “Live long!”, with the support of the Department of Health - the program “Kaleidoscope of Health”, with the support of the Dental Association of Russia in the person of the VROO “Dental Association” from 01.03.2019 to 31.03.2019, the campaign “A dazzling smile for life” was held for schoolchildren of the Voronezh region. And on May 23, 2019, the departure of 3 specialists of the AUZ VO “VOKSP” was carried out in the city of Liski for participation in the review-competition within the framework of the specified project. This event was attended by representatives of all dental clinics in Voronezh.

In 2019, the specialists of the regional clinical dental polyclinic (AUZ VO “VOKSP”) carried out 17 visits to medical organizations in the region (in 2018 - 17). Supervision is in AUZ IN “WAXP” a huge breakthrough in the provision of organizational and methodological assistance to the heads of the dental service areas. In 2019, 1710,438 visits were made to the doctors of the dental profile of the region, which is 2.8% less than in 2018 (1759,157 visits). In order to improve dental knowledge in the field and in accordance with the work plan of the dental service of the region, together with the specialized departments of the Burdenko State Medical University, 6 events were held in 2019 (7 in 2018): inter - regional events - 3, regional workshop - 2, city event - 1. Annually, the staff of the regional clinical dental clinic publishes information and methodological materials for dentists of the region. The program of state guarantees for dentistry for 2019, according to preliminary data, was implemented in the region by 101.3% in the UET, in Voronezh-by 100.9%, in the regions of the region-by 100.5%. Below the control values, the PGG was performed by the dental services of the Bogucharskaya RB, Petropavlovsk RB, Podgorenskaya RB, and Ternovskaya RB dental hospitals.

The development and implementation of the main directions of development of stoma-tragicheskoi services, and coordination of dental medical organizations of all forms of ownership in the field provides organizational and methodical study of the regional clinical dental clinic.

The priority areas of organizational and methodological work are defined as:

* providing organizational, methodological and advisory assistance to the heads of dental services;

* field forms of operational control over the activities of dental units;

* systematic analysis of the activities of the dental service of the region, the implementation of analytical work on the assessment of the state and dynamics of the development of its individual structures;

* development of current and long-term plans for the activities of the dental service of the region, strategic planning;

* organization of activities in priority areas of development of the dental service of the region, their implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of implementation;

* conducting permanent training of specialists of the dental service of the region of the middle and senior level (conferences, seminars);

* information support (issue of methodological recommendations and information letters).

Insufficient provision and understaffing of staff in the districts of the region, especially secondary medical personnel, weak material and technical base of a number of facilities for providing dental care to the population of the districts of the region remain problematic [5]. The best performance has reached the dental service of BUZ VO “Anna RB”, BUZ VO “Bobrovskaya RB”, BUZ VO “Kalacheevskogo RB”, BUZ VO “Liskinsky RB”, BUZ VO “Pavlovskaya RB”, BUZ VO “Ramon RB”, BUZ VO “Buturlinovskiy RB”, BUZ VO “Novousmanskiy RB”. Last rank place in the rating table of the medical organizations of the districts is a dental service BUZ VO “Bogucharskaya RB”, BUZ VO “Vorob RB”, BUZ VO “Ternovskaya RB”, BUZ VO “Kantemirovskaya RB”, BUZ VO “Novokhoperskiy RB”.

Among the dental clinics in Voronezh, the best indicators were achieved by the VSP No. 6 and VKSP No. 4 dental clinics [5].

Conclusion

The priority directions of the development of the dental service of the Voronezh region can be considered:

* strict implementation of the Program of state guarantees to the population of the region for the provision of dental care;

* equipping dental departments and offices in accordance with the standards of equipping Procedures for providing medical care to adults and children with dental diseases;

* improving the availability, safety and quality of dental care to the population;

* priority of prevention in the field of health protection, including in the organization of the work of the school dental service of the districts of the region;

* entry into the continuing medical education program.

The study had no sponsorship.

The authors state that there is no conflict of interest.

Figure 1: Percentage of dental doctors in 2019 in the Voronezh Region.


Figure 2: The provision of dentists-therapists per 10 thousand adults in the region in 2017-2019.


Figure 3: Provision of dentists-therapists for 10 thousand children in the region in 2017-2019.


References

  1. Antonenkov YE, Chaikina NN, Saurina OS. (2020) About the dental service of the Voronezh region. Problems of Social Hygiene, Health Care and the History of Medicine 28: 239-242.
  2. Korolenkova MV, Khachatryan AG, Harutyunyan LK. (2020) Perinatal risk factors for caries of temporary teeth 99: 47-51.
  3. Pervushina OA, Antonenkov YE, Chaikina NN (2014) On the issues of optimizing the work of secondary medical personnel with the adult population in the dentistry of the Voronezh region. Current issues of education and science 2014: 99-100.
  4. Chubirko MI, Chubirko YM, Antonenkov YE (2019) Internal quality control of medical care in scientific publications and normativnyh legal acts of the Russian Federation. Saratov journal of medical scientific 15: 928-930.
  5. Golikova LO (2020) Formation of a health-saving environment in youth educational organizations as a basis for the prevention of morbidity. The materials of the international scientific and practical conference "Modern Society, Education and Science", Russia Pg No: 76-80.

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