Current Trends in Oceanography and Marine Sciences

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Promotion of Plant Growth by NOx Is Best Method to Reduce CO2 and to Protect Global Warming

Shoichiro Ozaki*

The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research 2-1 Hirosawa, Japan

*Corresponding author: Shoichiro Ozaki, Shoichiro Ozaki, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research 2-1 Hirosawa, Wakoshi Saitama 351- 0198, Japan. Tel: +810467670991; Email: ozaki-0991@jcom.zaq.ne.jp

Received Date: 29 September, 2018; Accepted Date: 12 October, 2018; Published Date: 22 October, 2018

Citation: Ozaki S (2018) Promotion of Plant Growth by NOx Is Best Method to Reduce CO2 and to Protect Global Warming. Curr Trends Oceanogr Mar Sci:  CTOMS-106. DOI: 10.29011/CTOMS-106.100006

1.                   Abstract

NOx is produced about 1/25 of produced CO2 when something is burned. This NOx is fertilizer. And promotor of plant growth. But ocials of many country dislike NOx as pollution substance and eliminating with ammonia. Then CO2 assimilation is retarded. Food production is retarded. And global warming is progressing. I am insisting that NOx should be released to air as it is NP in drainage is good promotor of CO2 assimilation. NP in drainage should be used for the promotion of CO2 assimilation of plant and plankton.

2.                  Keywords: Global Warming; NOx Elimination; Plant Growth; Waste Water Purification; NOx

1.                   Introduction

1.1                Promotion of CO2 assimilation

The earth is warmed by the fossil fuel burning releasing CO2 and heat. The plant is growing by CO2 assimilation absorbing CO2 absorbing sun energy and producing carbohydrate and oxygen. If we can compensate the generation of CO2 and heat with the absorption of CO2 and heat by CO2 assimilation, global warming can be protected [1-21].

CO2.Assimilation

CO2 +H2O +114 kcal̶̶̶   ̶̶̶̶-> 1/6 C6H12O6+ O2

CO2 + H2O + 114 kcal <̶̶̶̶̶-Fossil + O2

Burning Most carbon oxide produced by burning is used for CO2 assimilation. But 140 billion tone CO2 is remaining to increase 2ppm each year The increase of CO2 is the cause of global warming. We must increase the fixing of 140 billion tone CO2 by increasing nutrient nitrogen and phosphorous. Plankton photosynthesis are studied by many investigators [22-29]. These studies indicate that CO2 assimilation is playing very important role for the protection of global warming. Supply of nutrients is important for the promotion of CO2 assimilation. When fossil burned, NOx is produced about 1/25 of produced CO2. This NOx is major source of nutrient N. If we use produced NOx for the promotion of CO2 assimilation. Protection of global warming can be accomplished. NOx is natural nitrogen fertilizer and accelerate CO2 assimilation. CO2 is increasing 2ppm annually. The increase of CO2 is a cause of global warming. Therefore, acceleration of CO2 fix is important subject. Most of CO2 turn to carbohydrate and oxygen by CO2..

Assimilation

CO2+ H2O + 114 kcal ̶̶̶̶-> 1/6 C6H12O6 + O2

CO2 is released by burning of substance and respiration of animal. Most of CO2 is fixed by CO2 assimilation. Recycle of CO2 is carried out in such way. Total amount of CO2 on earth is 28300 billion tone. Concentration is 400 ppm. CO2 2ppm is increasing each year. Amount of increasing CO2 is 28300 x2/400 = 142 billion tone. Amount of CO2 evolved in 1 year

·                     1360 billion tone CO2 is released. When 140 billion fuel is burned Fossil +O2 ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶->CO2+H2+114 kcal CH4 16 g 44g Oil CH2 14g Coal CH 13g

·                     50 billion tone CO2 is released by burning of wood.

·                     100 bllion tone CO2 is released by animal

·                     Population of the world is76 billion.

One person releases 0.5 tone CO2. Total release by persons is 38 billion tone. Cow, whales and Birds release 62 billion tone CO2. Total release by animal is 100 billion tone. Total release of the world is 360+ 50+ 100 = 510 billion tone. CO2 fixed by CO2 assimilation can be calculated by subtracting increased CO2 amount 142 billion tone from produced CO2 510 billion tone 510 - 142 = 368 billion tone. If we can fix 510 billion tone CO2, we can protect global warning. But actually   only 383billion tone CO2 is fixed, we must fix 142 billion tone CO2 by promotion of CO2 assimilation by NOx. Each country must fix their responsible amount of CO2. Responsible amount can be calculated by the equation CO2 (res) = CO2 (emission) x 142/360(0.393).

Most emitted CO2 is fixed by CO2 assimilation. CO2 increase is calculated based by CO2 emission minus fixable CO2. CO2 increase of 10 countries is shown at (Table 1). 10 K tone CO2 can be fixed at 1 km2 wood and 10 k tone CO2 is fixed at 1 km2 cultivated land. Then we can calculate fixable CO2 by area Km2 multiply 10 k tone.

Six countries listed at the table look like able to fix emitted CO2 by CO2 assimilation because area is wide enough. Japan, Germany, Iran, United Kingdom Turkey and Italy cannot fix CO2 at his country Because areas are narrow. Japan emitted 1.2x 109 k tone CO2 in 2015. Japan has area 3 .8 x 105. Fixable CO2 is 3.3 x 108 k tones. Japan increasing 9.2 billion tone CO2. Japan must decrease 9.2 billion tone CO2, United Kingdom and Italy are being increasing CO2. These 3 country are surrounded by sea. These country can decrease CO2 by Plankton CO2assimilation at sea. Total CO2 emission of the world is 3.6 x 1010 kt. We must decrease CO2 emission by the promotion of plankton CO2 assimilation by using NOx.

1.1.2          NOx Is Promotor of Plant Growth. NOx Elimination Should Be Stopped

NOx is produced as a byproduct of CO2, when something is burned. Nature set up the amount of NOx to produce same ratio plant to be produced. NOx/CO2 = 1/25 as composition of plant N/C= 1/25. When 25 tone CO2 is produced 1tone NOx is produced. As C/N ratio of plant is around 5/1-50/1 (average 25/1). [30]. Nature has systems to change N2 to nutrient nitrogen. By thunder [31-32], the high temperature at fire place for cooking, warming up of room by burning of wood, by forest fire, by forest burning, by bonfire, and also burning of fossil fuel, following reactions proceed

1/2 N2 + 1/2 O2 -------> NO - 21.6 kcal

Burning of 1kg dry wood produce 1x 44/30 = 1.47 kg CO2 and 1.47x 1/25 =59g NOx. 1 lighting of thunder produce 7 kg NOx. About 4 million thunder in one day and about 3 x 107 t NOx is produced in one year. NOx is a mixture of 90% NO and 10% NO2. NOx is dissolved in rain and give nutrient nitric acid and promote the growth of plant and plankton. The earth was boon and plant appeared. and plant eat CO2, H2O and nutrient N, P, and plant is burned then NOx is produced to recover lost plant. When no burning material present, like sea district, thunder storms make NOx. We should not against nature. We should use NOx as it is. In 2015 fossil 140 billion tone was burned and CO2 360 billion tone and NOx 14.4 billion tone are produced. If we use all NOx for the fixing of CO2, we can 14.4x25x108 = 360 tone CO2. NOx elimination should be stopped (Table 2). NOx is hated as pollution gas causing illness. Many governments of developed countries like USA, Japan, Germany, UK, France and Italy set up very strict law to eliminate NOx in burned gas and forced to eliminate NOx using ammonia. Amount of NOx is huge amount 14.4 billion tone. To eliminate NOx, huge amount of ammonia is necessary and huge amount of fossil is used. These governments put emphasis on toxicity of NOx than the utility of NOx.

4NO + 4NH3 + O2 ————> 4 N2 + 6 H2O

To destroy one fertilizer by other fertilizer is tremendous loss of natural resources. Elimination of NOx is promoting global warming by three ways. One is retardation of CO2 fix. Retardation of plant, plankton growth. Two is increase of CO2 by using much butane. Three is consumption of precious fuel for the production of ammonia. Amount of NOx is so big. China produce 0.9 billion tone urea as fertilizer. China producing 4.25 billion tone NOx. Japan producing 2 million tone nitrogen fertilizer and 50 million tone NOx.

I wish to propose plan that if NOx elimination is stopped and if waste water purification is stopped, global warming can be stopped.

The country does not do NOx elimination. 1. Need not fossil to eliminate NOx 2. Can have enough NOx and can promote CO2 assimilation. 3 Electricity price is low. 4. Can produce much fish and grain. 5. Can get high GDP growth rate. China 6.92%, India 7.10%.6. becoming rich. The country does NOx elimination show high electricity price, poor fish production, poor CO2 assimilation, low GDP growth rate. USA 1.48 %, Germany 1.85%, UK 1.8%, Japan 1.0%, Italy 0.88%. Becoming poor. These facts indicate NOx elimination give bad effect on electricity price, fish production, GDP, CO2 assimilation, protection on global warming and economy. NOx elimination should be stopped.

2.                   Conclusion

Promotion of CO2 assimilation is essential for the protection of global warming. Increase of nutrient nitrogen and phosphorous is essential for the protection of global warming Stopping of NOx elimination and stopping of waste water purification are essential for the increase of NP and for the protection of global warming.


Country

CO2 em

billion t

CO2res

bill t

NOx

bill t

Area

km2

FixableCO2

kt

CO2 increase bill l

World

360

142

14.4

142

China

106.4

41,9

4.25

1.0x107

1x 1010

5

USA

51

20

2

9.5x10

9.5x10

0

India

24.6

9.69

1

3.2x106

3.2x09

0

Russia

19.6

7.72

0.63

3.2x106

3.2x 109

0

Japan

12.5

4.92

0.5

3.8 x105

3.3 x108

9.2

Germany

7.8

2,95

0.31

3.5x105

3.5x108

4.3

Iran

6.3

2.48

0.25

1.6x106

1.6x106

6.3

Canada

5.6

2.24

0.22

1.0x108

1x 1010

0

Indonesia

5

1.99

0.2

1.9x106

1.9x106

3.7

U. K

4

1.58

0.16

2.4 x104

2.4x 108

1.6

Turkey

4

1.58

0.16

7.8x105

7.8x105

3.2

Italy

3.5

1.38

0.14

2.0x105

3.0x108

0.5

France

3.3 .

1.37

0.13

6.4x105

8.4x108

0


Table 1: CO2 em (CO2 emission), NOx con (NOx concentration in exhaust gas), electricity, price, fish, CO2 plankton, GDP growth rate of 8 countries.


Country

CO2 em bill t

NOx con g/ kWh

El price c/kWh

Fish mill t

CO2fplankton bill t

GDP growth rate [33].

China

106.4

1.6

1.5-4.5

79.38

19.8

6.92

India

24.5

1.6

10.11

2,0

7.1

Canada

5.5

1.3

8.1

1.05

0.25

1.4

UK

4

1.3

15.4

0.91

0.002

1.8

Germany

7.7

1

32

0.29

0.07

1.85

USA

51.7

0.5

12

6.05

0.5

1.48

Italy

3.5

0. 5

28

0.34

0.008

0.86

Japan

12.5

0.1

24

4.6

0.11

1.01


Table 2: CO2 em, NOx concentration, electricity price, fish, CO2fplankton, GDP of 8 countries.



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