Feng Yahui, Lv Yan, Ma Shuai, Wu Sansan, Shen Zhongzhou, Ma Liangkun and Jiang Yu
Peking Union Medical College, China
Studies have shown that increased physical activity (PA) may play a positive role in reducing depression, but few studies have examined this issue in different domains of PA. The aim of this study was to assess the association between domain-specific PA and depression of pregnant woman in the first trimester. This study included 1,066 women from the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study- Biological Cohort (CPWCS-BC). Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ) was used to investigate the energy expenditure of household/caregiving, occupational, sports/exercise and transportation. Depression were evaluated using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Logistic regression was conducted to assess the relationship between PA and depression.
A total of 366 (34.3%) pregnant women were at depression, and only 151 (14.2%) met the PA guidelines. After controlling probable confounders, moderate level of household/caregiving and high level of transportation were associated with increased depression than those with low level (OR=1.41, 95%CI:1.03-1.93; OR=1.83, 95%CI:1.33- 2.51). Women with moderate level of sports/exercise had lower odds rate of having depression (OR=0.68, 95%CI:0.47-0.98) than women did none sports/exercise. There was no significant association between depression and occupational activities or meeting PA guidelines. In addition, pregnant women with high level of sedentary activities or moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) had higher rates of depression (OR=1.47, 95%CI:1.07-2.02; OR=1.52, 95%CI:1.11-2.09). It is probable that MVPA mainly practiced by household/caregiving and transportation, but seldom by sports/exercise.
Feng Yahui is a postgraduate student at School of Public Health in Peking Union Medical College, majored epidemiology and health statistics. Maternal healthrelated behaviours and adverse pregnancy outcomes are the interested areas of her. She is participating in the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study and working on publishing related papers now. She is eager to learn about the latest progress in the field of maternal exchange by attending this meeting.