Umm al Qura University, Saudi Arabia
Background: Infertility is a public health issue in worldwide and in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. However, there is a lack of national population-based statistics in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to provide the proportion of abnormal semen characteristics as the clinical diagnosis for male infertility amongst Saudi infertile couples.
Methods: This was a retrospective study on infertile couples carried out in the Assisted Reproductive Technology unit at the International Medical Centre in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between 2008 and 2014. A total of 2317 infertile couples were included in the study. Male infertility is diagnosed in the laboratory according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO) for semen analysis.
Results: Male infertility (as manifested by abnormal semen analysis) was found in 1521 (65.6%) couples and female infertility was found in 210 (9%) couples (p<0.01). One hundred and forty-two (6%) couples had a combination of both male and female infertility, while the cause of infertility in the remaining 444 (19%) couples was unexplained. Our results reveal that the contribution of abnormal semen characteristics to infertility is high comparing to other infertility causes.
Wardah Alasmari is a Head of anatomy department Faculty of Medicine, Umm al Qura University. His principal research interests lie in the field of medical Embryology and human Reproduction which was gained from my PhD studies at the Medical school/University of Dundee and IVF experience in embryology laboratory at Assisted Conception Unit, Ninewells Hospital. He has published more than 15 papers in international journals in Embryology and Anatomy since I got PhD degree from Medical school/University of Dundee in 2013.