Food & Nutrition Journal (ISSN: 2575-7091)

short communication

Protein Calorie Malnutrition

GP Srivastava*

Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, India
*Corresponding author: GP Srivastava, Honorary General Secretary, Indian Society of Agricultural Biochemists, Formerly Professor & Head, Department of Agricultural Biochemistry, Director Research and Emeritus Scientist, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur- 208 002, India. Tel: +919839251482; E-mail:

Received Date: 01 June, 2017; Accepted Date: 21 July, 2017; Published Date: 27 July, 2017

Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PCM) or Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is one of the most widespread nutritional deficiency diseases in our country and poses a health problem in children below five years of age. This paper explains the clinical features of this malnutrition including kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic kwashiorkor. It also describes the biochemical changes including protein, carbohydrate, fat, water and electrolyte metabolisms, hormonal changes, hematological changes, pathological changes and changes in mental development occurring during protein calorie malnutrition. It also gives an idea about the measures which could be adopted for preventing this nutritional syndrome.

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