Journal of Orthopedic Research and Therapy (ISSN: 2575-8241)

Article / review article

"Impact of Sexual Lifestyle on Hormone-Related Health Decline Case Married Teachers"

Zerf Mohammed*

Physical Education InstituteLaboratory OPAPS, University of Mostaganem,Mostaganem 27000, Algeria

*Corresponding author:Zerf Mohammed,Physical Education InstituteLaboratory OPAPS, University of Mostaganem,Mostaganem 27000, Algeria; Tel: +302103634210; Fax: +302103634209; E-mail: biomeca.zerf@outlook.com

 Received Date: 08 November, 2016; Accepted Date: 03 December, 2016; Published Date: 02 December, 2016

The study aimed to evaluate the impact of accumulation hormones on health decline among the married teachers. Based on the background which confirms that any hormone, natural or synthetic, has the potential to cause unwanted side effects. While similar studies confirm that profession of teaching increased obesity due to working conditions which do not encourage the practice of physical activity.For the purpose, our sample is consisting of 34 married teachers, their average age ≤ 26,32±3,12. They accepted to venous blood withdrawal under fasting conditions and anthropometric measurement (body weight, body height and body mass index).The only differences between them are in the method of avoiding pregnancy. The datum was performed by SPSS 19 using Levene statistic,Shapiro-Wilk, T-test independently and correlation of Pearson.

As limits of this modest study, we confirm:

  • Traditional method confirms the theory that estrogen and progestin increase the BMI greater than or equal to 30 which have a greater complication healthy rate.
  • Side effects of oral contraceptive pills are related to the amount of Progesterone and estrogen present in them.

Keywords: Sexual lifestyle; Hormone; Health decline; Married teachers.

Introduction

Recognize that overweight / obesity has a multifactorial source, different genetic, metabolic, behavioural (habits and physical activity), environmental, cultural and socioeconomic factors that have contributed to its appearance. Although, similar studies confirm that the teaching profession is associated with obesity due to work conditions, which have contributed to the development of lifestyle-related illnesse [1].Therefore, the most know that major hormonal changes occur in women with significant alterations in body weight [2].

While the Hormones are incredibly vital chemical messengers in your body [3,4] they surge through our bodies and cause a state of heightened awareness, usually in times of danger [5]. It is impossible to overstate their fundamental role in the healthy functioning of the human body and in the normal progression from infancy through puberty [6],whereas natural hormones are not expected, due to their short half-life [7]. While physicians argue that synthetic hormones carry an additional risk to the health [8] as brain, heart, bones, muscles, and reproductive organs according toLinda Wylie (2005) Richard A. McPherson and‎Matthew R. Pincus (2011) [9,10].

Check out the health status of our sample, which relies on birth control pills that contain synthetic versions of estrogen and progesterone [11]. While Claudia Welch confirmed that women who had used the contraceptive pill had risks of synthetic hormone use at any stage of a woman's life. Although Jane Coad and ‎Melvyn Dunstall, (2005) confirm in one hand that pill contraceptive has strong side-effects and relatively low reliability on another it is not recommended as the main method of birth control.

While the oral contraceptive pills are the most widely prescribed medications for women. Seen this reality, our aims in this study focused on the impact of accumulation hormones on health decline and their relationships with lipid profiles and body mass index among the married teachers in order to provide baseline information for future analytical studies.

Methodology

All variables were determined using commercial kits (laboratory of Dr. Bajaj Committee Zhana). All analyses were run in duplicate for the two groups. All results used in this research are derived from a medical assessment of passions.

Subjects

We studied a sample of 34 married teachers 17 who practices the traditional method (the day of ovulation) and those who takes pills, their average age 32,75±1,02 yearsduring the academic year 2015-2016. They were selected by the intentional method because they voluntarily agreed to venous blood withdrawal under fasting conditions. All participants were healthy non-smokers not engaged in planned physical activity and not taking any medication on a regular basis. They were informed about procedures and all provided their written consent.

The study protocol

Our protocol was validated by the professor of physiology and nutrition the Institute Physical Education and the Sport University of Mostaganem.

As the conditions, we are focused on:

  1. The same social status and marital lifestyle education.
  2. The entire sample is married teachers with the same obligations.
  3. Our protocol is based on blind sample
  4. The practicetest was during medical visits by the occupational physician.
  5. Our sample does not practice any sports.
  6. All the test was done 7 days before menses.

 

Required tests Resources

Anthropometric measurements:Body mass was measured to the nearest 0.1 kg and body height to the nearest 0.5 cm using standard medical equipment in subjects wearing light indoor clothing without shoes, jackets and sweaters. Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated as body mass (kg) divided by height (m) squared [12].

Blood tests: Estradiol Test Is a Blood Test. An estradiol test is a blood test that measures the amount of estradiol in your blood. It’s also called an E2 test.Estradiol is a form of the hormone estrogen, and it’s also called “17 beta-estradiol.” The ovaries, breasts, and adrenal glands make estradiol. During pregnancy, the placenta also makes estradiol. Estradiol helps with the growth and development of female sex organs, including the: uterus-fallopian tubes-vagina-breasts.Estradiol helps to control the way fat is distributed in the female body. It’s also essential for bone and joint health in females [13]. Whereas Medical Encyclopedia seat that Birth control pills can affect test [14] results based on that we agree that more estrogen return to synthetic [15,16]. The serum estradiol level in young women with normally functioning ovaries ranges between 100 and 300 pg/ml [17]. around 100–150 pg/mLduring the period from -10 to -5 days before menses [18]. Before menopause, estradiol levels are widely variable throughout the menstrual cycle: Mid-follicular phase: 27-123 pg/mL

 

Periovulatory: 96-436 pg/mL

Mid-luteal phase: 49-294 pg/mL

Postmenopausal: 0-40 pg/mL

Progesterone test:Progesterone is a hormone that your body produces. Both men and women produce it. But it’s mainly produced in the ovaries, which means women tend to have more of it.

Normal test results

In general, normal serum progesterone test results fall in the following ranges:Serum progesterone level of 10 ng/mL (31.8 mmol/l) to 20 ng/mL or greater 1 week before menses [19,20]. While Cynthia C Chernecky and Barbara J Berger seat that pill contraceptive contains 0,1-0,3ng/mL [21].Based on that we agree that a more Progesterone return to synthetic

Statistical analyses

Baseline characteristics of the participants are presented in Table 1. According to Shapiro-Wilk and Levene's test person correlation our total sample accepts the normally distributed, homogeneous and total positive linear correlation between the parameters chosen to studyin the exception ofProgesterone which is strongly negative. Whereas Estrogen pg./ml is over the norms seated Togas Tulandi &‎David Redwine confirmed by John Porter (2012) and Donna Larson (2015) [22,23] in opposite of Progesterone which is in norms seated by Marc A. Fritz & ‎Leon Speroff (2012) and Richa Saxena (2014) whereas BMI of our total sample is overweight according to the standards of World Health Organization (WHO) [24] (Table 1).

Results

Based on the data tests and the data analysis procedures used in this study consisted of the computation of the means, standard deviations and the independent T-test as Descriptive statistics. With a Significance level was set at 0.05. All the compare T are not significant in AGE, Weight and Height in the opposite of BMI, Estrogen and Progesterone in the benefit of a traditional method based on the normative medical seat in Required Tests Resources(Table 2) & (Figure 1).

Discussion

Through the (table, 2 and Figure 1) all the comparisons are in the benefit of traditional method group record in BMI, where our traditional group is Overweight in opposite the sample using hormonal which is Obese. Whereas these results line with normative WHO that Overweight defined as 25 ≤ BMI < 30; obesity defined as BMI ≥ 30 [25]. Although as sexual lifestylehormone-related health decline, we agree that BMI ≥ 30 is a riskfactorforhigh blood lipids, hypertension, diabetesandobesity [26]. Furthermore, the data showed that BMI increased in both active and inactive [27] the case of our total married teachers, where this leads us to confirmson one hand that Any hormone, natural or synthetic, has potential to cause unwanted side effects. While the literature shows that side effects hormonal methods Steroid hormones have dominated during the past 40 years, with more than 200 million women which risk obesity [28] well on other hand, we approve the results ofTaiwanese studywhich reported that 15 minutes of daily physical activity reduced all-cause mortality [29]. While as a lifestyle, we refer to Patricia A. Potter et al (2016) which Recommended the aerobic exercise at 3 to 5 times per week for approximately 30 minutes [30]. Cross, this evidence,that hormonal contraceptivesincrease weight gain and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations [31,32]. Our results are in conformity with provided by Kerri Durnell Schuiling &‎Frances E. Likisthat (2016) and Mira Harrison-Woolrych (2015) the case of weight gain [33,34] due to the technique contraceptive and lifestyle choice by the woman and her partner according to Zerf Mohammed [35,36]. To conclude we agree, thathormone-related health decline is a complex metabolic disorder, with numerous genetic and environmental factors interacting and contributing to the pathophysiologic features according to Amanda Mularz, Steven Dalati and Ryan A. Pedigo,(2016) [37-38] . However, these results are in conformity with the indicated  which agree that profession of teaching increased obesity due to lack of physical activity in our case, we approve that married teachers using hormonal contraceptives risks fatness confirmed in values of BMI and overweight in the opposite of teachers using the traditional method due to levels Estrogen and Progesterone.While The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) found that women taking estrogen and progestin were at increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, venous thromboembolism, and breast cancer as compared with women taking placebo according to Jennifer Hays, et al [39].

Conclusions

Based on the standards specified by our physicians quoted in testing resources data, our results line with the diagnosis of Dagny Scott Barrios (2007); the same hormones that birth control pills (and other hormone-containing birth control methods) regulate to prevent pregnancy can affect the way your body feels and functions [40]. Whereas our account T-test confirms that Too much of synthetic hormone can cause bloating, depression, fatigue, increased hair growth on the body, and increased weight gain according toPhilip Maffetone (2012 ) [41] thing confirms by J.M. Swartz M.D.&‎Y.L. Wright M.A. (2015) that the Doctors are reading and hearing that estrogen and progesterone cause heart disease [42]. Where women with the following health problems shouldavoid birth control pills [43] due to Hormonal imbalance which is often incriminated in women taking contraceptive pills [44]. From proofs, our results line with discernment described by Philip Maffetone,that medications have potential side effects that can impact our health, muscle strength, metabolism, and other systems of the body that promote health and fitness [45].


Figure 1: shows Differences in averages for variables selected in this study.


variables

means ± SD

 

Levene's test

 

 

Shapiro-Wilk

 

 

Correlation

 

F

Sig.

W

Sig.

R

Sig.

AGE

26,32±3,12

0,10

0,75

0,95

0,23

0,91

0

Weight

66,10±7,86

0,40

0,53

0,94

0,11

0,53

0,02

Height

1,62±0,04

0,58

0,59

0,96

0,19

0,99

0

BMI

29,36±4,03

2,41

0,13

0,95

0,12

0,61

0,01

Estrogen pg./ml

167±0,03

2,08

0,81

0,97

0,45

0,96

0

Progesterone ng/mL

15,76±3,39

0,79

0,38

0,95

0,12

-0,51

0,04

Table 1: Descriptnormality andhomogeneous total groups

 

 

variables

 

sample

 

N

 

means ± SD

 

T

 

Sig.

AGE

using hormonal

17

26,23±3,01

-0,162

0,87

traditional

17

26,41±3,29

Weight

using hormonal

17

68,59±8,17

1,92

0,08

traditional

17

63,61±6,89

Height

using hormonal

17

1,64±0,04

0,04

0,99

traditional

17

1,62±0,07

BMI

using hormonal

17

30,66±4,53

1,99

0,00

traditional

17

26,06±3,09

Estrogen pg./ml

using hormonal

17

188±0,02

3,39

0,00

traditional

17

144±0,03

Progesterone ng/mL

using hormonal

17

16,47±2,83

3,34

0,00

traditional

17

11,06±3,09

Table 2: Descript the Rockport Fitness Walking of Our Samples.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Citation: Mohammed Z (2016) Impact of Sexual Lifestyle on Hormone-Related Health Decline Case Married Teachers. J Orthop Res Ther 2016: 117. DOI: 10.29011/2575-8241.000117

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