Objectives: The present study was aims to identify the causes, the
categories of medicines used and the outcomes of self-medication in
hospitalized children under 15 years.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a descriptive study from June 18
to July 18, 2016 in two Teaching Hospitals in Lomé. Parents/relatives of
inpatient pediatric department were interviewed, using a questionnaire on
self-medication. The data was analyzed on the basis of frequencies (%) of
Results: We interviewed 204 informants. The self-medication prevalence
was 85.8% (n=175) and mostly imputed to the mothers. Children’s pathological
histories were asthma and sickle cell disease (16.0%). The sources of
self-medication drugs were pharmacies (60%), itinerant sellers of medicines
(49.7%) and left-over prescribed medicines stored at
Fever (85.1%), headaches (49.7%), abdominal pain (28%), cough and cold (14.3%)
and diarrhea (12.6%) were the main symptoms responsible for self-medication.
Analgesics and antipyretics were used in 92.6 % of cases. Anti-microbial
(antibiotics, antimalarial, and other antiparasitics) was auto-administered in
approximately 47.4%. Herbal medicine and other local products represented
41.7%. The outcomes of self-medication in
children are multiple, including nausea and/or vomiting (89.7%), anaemia requiring
transfusion (39.9%), allergic skin reactions and so on.
Conclusion: Parental self-medication is common in Togolese children. In
view of previous outcomes, the use of self-medication for children is a
practice that must be controlled and reasoned.
Keywords: Categories of Medicines; Children’s Pathological Histories
and Symptoms; Inpatient Pediatric Department; Parental Self-Medication;
Self-Medication Outcomes; Togo