Journal of Community Medicine & Public Health (ISSN: 2577-2228)

research article

Risk Factors Associated with Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults Attending the Primary Health Care Centers in Qatar, a Cross-Sectional Study

A.Jaleel A.Latif Zainel*, Ahmed Sameer Al Nuaimi, Mohamed Ahmed Syed, Hamda Abdulla A/Qotba

Department of Clinical Research, Directorate of Clinical Affairs, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar

*Corresponding author: A.Jaleel A.Latif Zainel, Lead Principal Investigator, Department of Clinical Research Directorate of Clinical Affairs, Primary Health Care Corporation, P.O. Box 26555 Doha, Qatar

Received Date: 03 February, 2020; Accepted Date: 19 February, 2020; Published Date: 26 February, 2020

Abstract

Introduction/Aim: In Qatar, prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases significantly higher compared to many other countries. It is therefore critical to understand the associations between selected risk factors and having cardiovascular diseases (Any cardiac disease including coronary, thrombotic/hemorrhagic and peripheral vascular diseases) as we aimed by this study.

Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study design was used. Data for individuals aged ≥18 and who visited primary health care canters in Qatar during 2017 were extracted from electronic medical records and analysed.

Results: The adjusted model of analysis confirmed that the increase in age especially over the age of sixty (adjusted OR of 6.65) represents the most potent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases occurring among study’s participants. Being male gender, Northern African, Western Asian, Southern Asian, Qatari increased the risk of cardiovascular disease unevenly with adjusted OR of 1.36, 1.45, 1.42, 1.31 and 1.15 respectively. Having a high blood pressure almost doubled the risk of cardiovascular disease developing (adjusted OR of 1.83). Unlike expected, the high triglycerides component failed to show any significant contribution to risk of having cardiovascular disease with adjusted OR of 0.86. For each one-factor increase in the count of metabolic syndrome components, the risk of having the outcome is multiplied by 21%.

Conclusion: The study provides essential epidemiological data required by decision makers. Although not nationally representative, this study is suggestive of a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases occurring among an older population, men and in Northern African, Western Asian and Southern Asian nationalities, as well as having high blood pressure, insulin resistance and low serum HDL. More studies are needed to establish which public health interventions are likely to be effective in Qatar. Currently, efforts should be contextualized and should target the key epidemiological features.

Keywords

Adult; Cardiovascular diseases; Primary health care; Qatar; Risk factor


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