Archives on Veterinary Science and Technology (ISSN: 2637-9988)

research article

Effects of Chromium (III) Picolinate and Chromium (III) Picolinate Nanoparticles Supplementation on Growth Performance, Organs Weight and Immune Function in Cyclic Heat Stressed Broiler Chickens

Omid Hamidi1*, Mohammad Chamani1, Hasan Ghahri2, AliAsghar Sadeghi1, Hassan Malekinejad3

1Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran Science and Research        Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

3Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran,

*Corresponding author: Omid Hamidi, Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; Tel: +989141485138; Fax: +98 2144865484; E-mail: Omid_Hamidi2012@yahoo.com

Received Date: 22 April, 2017; Accepted Date: 01 May, 2017; Published Date: 08 May, 2017                  

This experiment conducted to investigate the effects of dietary chromium (III) picolinate (CrPic) and chromium (III) picolinate nanoparticles (Nano CrPic) supplementation on growth performance, organs weight and immune function of broilers exposed to heat stress. Heat stress (36°C) was applied for 10 h per day from the 21th to the 42nd days. Among 8 experimental treatments; only group T1 represented the non-heat stressed control group fed with a basal diet in comfort zone whereas group T2 represented the heat stressed control group fed with a basal diet. Heat stressed T3, T4, T5 groups were fed with basal diet supplemented with 500, 1000, 1500 ppb of CrPic/kg while T6, T7, T8 groups were fed with bsal diet supplemeted with 500, 1000, 1500 ppb of Nano CrPic/kg respectively. Results of the current experiment showed that the non-heat stressed group had a higher final BW, daily weight gain and daily feed intake compared with heat stressed groups during the experiment period (d 21-42), among heat stressed groups, FCR values improved by supplementation of Cr into the diet. NanoCrPic1500 treatment had the lowest (P< 0.05) FCR (2.14) of the total experimental period among heat stressed groups. The liver weight values of the day 35 of experiment differed significantly (P < 0.05). Serum complement component C3 of experimental broilers was severely affected by the Cr supplementation. The results indicated that the nanoparticle supplementation might be an influential method for reduction of heat stress induced disorders which may attribute to the lowering of FCR and provoking the hepatic related alteration including the liver weight.

 Keywords: Chromium Picolinate Nanoparticles, Cyclic Heat Stress, Immune Function, Organ Weights, Performance.


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