Grimi Talal*, Benhazem Omar, Ouazzani Nabil, Fekhaoui Med Reda, Bouya Ayoub, BoufetalMoncef, El Bardouni Ahmed, Berrada Mohammed Saleh
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma,IBN SINA Hospital, Rabat,Morocco
*Corresponding author: Grimi Talal, Resident in Orthopedic and Traumatology Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Trauma,IBN SINA Hospital, Rabat,Morocco.Email: email@example.com
Received Date: 02November, 2017; Accepted Date: 15November, 2017; Published Date:15November, 2017
Sub-talar dislocation is a rare condition that accounts for 15% of traumatic talus injuries, and 2% of all
the musculoskeletal dislocations. Anterior sub-talar dislocation represent 1% of the talar dislocations
according to the Malgaigneclassification. The case of a 46-year-old man who fell from the third floor,
with reception on the lower limbs, is reported. The radiological investigations revealed anterior sub
dislocation without any associated fracture of the neck of the talus, the
pelvis or the spine
2. Keywords: Post Traumatic Anterior Sub-talar Dislocation
Sub-talar dislocations are the mostuncommon injuries that account for 15% of traumatic talus injuries, and 2% of all the musculoskeletal dislocations.A case of anterior sub-talar dislocation without posterior tibialis tendon incarceration is reported.
We report a case of a 46 years old, presented in the emergency room, who has fallen from the third floor with a lower limb reception. The patientwas neurologically, hemodynamically and respiratory stable, with a physical examination a swallowedand elongated deformed foot, painful on palpation and mobilization resulting in, total functional impotence (Figure 1).
Without any associated fracture of calcaneus, pelvis or spine. The patient was sent to the operating room and, under sedation and opiate analgesia, we attempted to reduce the deformed foot with hyphenate directed traction.A CT-SCAN after the reduction was realized which did not show any fracture of the bones of the foot (Figure 3).
The ankle was immobilized in a short leg cast for 6 weeks. Active range-of-motion exercise began after removal of the wires and cast. Full weight bearing was allowed at 8 weeks(Figure 4).
The patient had no complaints, and had returned to his previous job.
Sub-talar dislocations are the rarest injuries that account for 15% of traumatic talus injuries, and 2% of all the musculoskeletal dislocations. Anterior sub-talar dislocation represent 1% of the talar dislocations according to the Magazine classification[1-6]. Medial sub-talar dislocations are most frequent, followed by lateral, posterior, and anterior dislocations in decreasing order [1-4,7-10]. Zimmer and Johnson reviewed eight series comprising 115 cases and foundonly one case of anterior sub-talar dislocation .Inokuchi et al. described four cases of anterior dislocation, but there was no anteroposterior radiograph view to confirm the diagnosis . A diagnosis of anterior sub-talar dislocation can be confirmed by an anteroposterior radiograph. Inokuchi et al. and Kanda et al. each reported one case of anterior dislocation with anteroposterior radiograph view confirmation [11, 12]. In these two cases, closed reduction was successful.
Sub-talar dislocations are rare, but serious injuries that can evolve to the sub-talar arthrosis. Anterior sub-talar dislocation is the most uncommon variety. This injury is usually due to high-energy trauma. Early diagnosis and urgent reduction are the keys for a satisfactory functional outcome .
Figure 1:Clinical aspects of the foot and ankle in a patient with anterior sub-talar dislocation.
Figure 2: Radiological aspects of the foot and ankle in a patient with anterior sub-talar dislocation.
Figure 3:Fluoroscopic images in the operating room, after reduction of the anterior sub-talar dislocation, under sedation
Figure 4:CT images of the foot with the ankle joint, without fractures, after reduction of dislocation.
12. Kanda T, Sakai H, Koseki K, Tamai K, Takeyama N (2001) Anterior dislocation of the subtalar joint: a case report. Foot Ankle Int22: 609-611.13. Azarkane M, Boussakri H, Alayyoubi A, Bachiri M, Elibrahimi A, et al. (2014) Closed medial total subtalar joint dislocation without ankle fracture: a case report. Journal of medical case reports 8:313.