Annals of Case Reports (ISSN: 2574-7754)

case report

No Nosocomial Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 between Healthcare Workers in Surgical Departments Unexposed to Covid-19 Patients

Jan Burkhard1, Simone Lacher2, Dominique Holy1, Pascal Schenk3, Carmen Schäfer1, Peter Kahr1, Vital Schreiber2, Mazda Farshad4, Ilker Uçkay5*

1Service of Occupational Medicine, Balgrist University Hospital, Switzerland

2Service of Surgery, Uster Hospital, Switzerland

3Orthopedic Surgery, Balgrist University Hospital, Switzerland

4Medical Director, Balgrist University Hospital, Switzerland

5Department of Infection Control, Balgrist University Hospital, Switzerland

*Corresponding author: Ilker Uçkay, Department of Infection Control, Balgrist University Hospital, Forchstrasse 340, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland

Received Date: 10 December, 2020; Accepted Date: 14 December, 2020; Published Date: 21 December, 2020

Abstract

Background: Covid-19 infections are usually community-acquired, but nosocomial outbreaks among patients and/or exposed Healthcare Workers (HCW) exist. However, the risk of pure nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 transmission between HCWs remained unknown during the first pandemic wave, especially in the absence of exposure to hospitalized Covid-19 patients.

Aim: During the first total lockdown, surgical HCW only cared emergency patients. This period is ideal to determine the epidemiology of purely inter-HCW transmission of Covid-19.

Clinical Details: This study concerns the period of the total lockdown of the first wave in March-April 2020. It is performed in two different surgical services in Zurich Canton.

Outcome: During the first wave of Covid-19, and in the absence of hospitalized Covid-19 patients, we found no confirmed nosocomial transmission of SARS-CoV-2 between HCWs.

Conclusion: Nosocomial extensions of the community-based Covid-19 pandemic are reported, but not due to viral interchange between surgical HCWs in hospitals during a total lockdown and the lack of hospitalized Covid-19 patients.

Keywords

Healthcare workers; Nosocomial transmission; Occupational health; SARS-CoV-2; Surgical wards