Journal of Yoga, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation (ISSN: 2577-0756)

research article

Mindfulness Meditation: Effectiveness on Physical Therapy Students

Barbara Billek-Sawhney*

Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, Pennsylvania, USA

*Corresponding author: Barbara Billek-Sawhney, Graduate School of Physical Therapy, Slippery Rock University, Slippery Rock, Pennsylvania, USA. Tel: +1 7247382759; Fax: +1 7247382113; Email: barbara.billek@sru.edu

Received Date: 30 January, 2019; Accepted Date: 22 February, 2019; Published Date: 04 March, 2019

Abstract

The impact of stress on the immune system is linked to many illnesses and impaired quality of life. Research shows Physical Therapy (PT) students have higher stress and anxiety levels than age and gender matched peers. Forty-nine second-year PT students were mentored in Mindfulness Meditation (MM) strategies as an initiative to minimize stress. A sample of convenience was employed; participants were invited to complete a survey on mindfulness. Reflections written following competency assessments were evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively. Forty-seven of 49 students completed the written survey. Prior to introducing MM, 63% (n=31) reported performance on competency assessments was impacted by fear, anxiety, and/or stress. Sixty-two percent believed their performance on competency assessments would be better if they employed strategies such as relaxation or meditation. Thirty-two percent (n=16) felt less stressed by employing MM prior to competencies. In addition, 37 of the 47 survey respondents stated MM was a valuable component of the stress management unit in a course in their formal education. Results suggest MM may be effective for reducing stress in PT students. Little evidence was found on the impact of MM on illness reduction. Further research is needed to determine if the findings are similar in other educational settings or in clinical settings.

Keywords: Mindfulness; Meditation; Stress; Health care students


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