Journal of Hospital and Healthcare Administration (ISSN: 2688-6472)

Research Article

Inpatient Smoking Cessation – A Quality Improvement Project

Shannon Harris1*, Lori Prewitt Moore2, Tochie Lofton3, Aphry Olafsen4, Robert Percy5

1Nurse Practitioner, Diagnostic Medical Clinic, Mobile, AL. 1700 Springhill Avenue Suite 100, Mobile, AL 36604, Alabama, USA

2Assistant Professor, Nurse Practitioner, University of South Alabama College of Nursing, 5721 Usa Drive North, Mobile, AL 36688, Alabama, USA

3Nurse Manager, Mobile Infirmary, 5 Mobile Infirmary Circle Mobile, AL 36604, Alabama, USA

4Pulmonary Transition Coordinator, 5 Mobile Infirmary Circle Mobile, AL 36604, Alabama, USA

5Pulmonologist, Diagnostic Medical Clinic, 1700 Springhill Ave, Mobile, AL 36604, Alabama, USA

Corresponding Author*: Shannon Harris, Nurse Practitioner, Diagnostic Medical Clinic, Mobile, AL. 1700 Springhill Avenue Suite 100, Mobile, AL 36604, Alabama, USA.

Received Date: 23 September, 2021

Accepted Date: 01 October, 2021

Published Date: 06 October, 2021

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this project was to explore inpatient, smoking-cessation strategies to mitigate smoking-related hospitalizations.

Background: Cigarette smoking is the leader in the preventable cause of death in the US. Evidence-based inpatient smoking cessation programs are needed to reduce unnecessary smoking-related healthcare spending.

Methodology: A quality improvement project was developed which included implementing the Modified Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence to hospitalized smokers in a large, non-profit, 669 bed setting.

Results: There were 659 patients who were receptive to receiving smoking cessation information and participating in the smoking cessation, quality improvement project. Using reliable tools to collect and measure data effectively will identify nicotine dependence.

Conclusion: This lack of smoking cessation coaches is a huge barrier to implementing a productive tobacco cessation program. Hospital administration can implement smoking cessation hospital-wide protocols to identify smokers upon admission to minimize exorbitant healthcare smoking related costs and readmissions.

Keywords: Smoking cessation; Healthcare dollars; COPD;Nicotine replacement


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