International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research (ISSN: 2688-9501)

Research Article

Emergency Nurses in the Frontline during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study

Falatah Sawsan Abdulrahman, Comia Ferdinand Aguila*

Department of Nursing, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Corresponding Author*: Falatah Sawsan Abdulrahman, Department of Nursing, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received Date: 31 August, 2021

Accepted Date: 07 September, 2021

Published Date: 13 September, 2021


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the whole Healthcare process in the world, especially the Emergency Department who are manned by the Emergency Nurses in the frontline. The essential role they perform in identification, isolation and management of large number of patients in addition to the pandemic disease has been reinforced.

Aim: To document the measures and steps taken by the Emergency Nurses in a Tertiary Hospital’s Emergency Department (ED) in Riyadh to combat the COVID-19 Surge.

Results: The various measures taken by the Emergency Nurses’ in the Emergency Department in Riyadh have helped to (a) ensure disease awareness and communication among all healthcare professions in the organization, (b) respond quickly and effectively in the ED process of Isolation, Triage and Management of Care (c)constantly look-out for mental, emotional and physical health and welfare of the Emergency Nurses due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, which includes the establishment of the Tracing team and Staff Safety and Wellness Program (SSWP).

Design and Methods: This study is a qualitative research which utilizes the narrative inquiry and storytelling as a valuable investigative technique which offers a detailed way of knowing, investigating the experiences, and exploring effective coping strategies of the Emergency Nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Conclusion: The role of Emergency Nurses on the frontline is essential in identification, isolation and management of care in ED during the pandemic COVID-19. The lessons learnt, experiences shared and the various measures taken will help benefit the Emergency Nurses around the World.

Keywords: Emergency nurses, Emergency department, COVID-19

Abbreviations: COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019; EMS: Emergency Medical Services; MOH: Ministry of Health; ED: Emergency Department; SARI: Severe Acute Respiratory Illness; PPE: Personal Protective Equipment; MERS- COV: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus; SSWP: Staff Safety and Wellness Project; KFSH & RC: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center; ICP: Infection Control Practitioner.